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Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia Nutritional value per 100 grams Energy 2,738 kJ (654 kcal) Carbohydrates 13.71 g Starch 0.06 g Sugars 2.61 g   lactose 0 g Dietary fiber 6.7 g Fat 65.21 g Saturated 6.126 g Monounsaturated 8.933 g Polyunsaturated 47.174 g Protein 15.23 g Vitamins Vitamin A equiv. 1 μg (0%)   beta-carotene 12 μg (0%)   lutein zeaxanthin 9 μg Vitamin A 20 IU Thiamine (B1)   0.341 mg (30%) Riboflavin (B2)   0.15 mg (13%) Niacin (B3)   1.125 mg (8%) Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.570 mg (11%) Vitamin B6   0.537 mg (41%) Folate (B9)   98 μg (25%) Vitamin B12 0 μg (0%) Vitamin C   1.3 mg (2%) Vitamin D   0 μg (0%) Vitamin D 0 IU (0%) Vitamin E 0.7 mg (5%) Vitamin K 2.7 μg (3%) Trace metals Calcium 98 mg (10%) Iron 2.91 mg (22%) Magnesium   158 mg (45%) Manganese   3.414 mg (163%) Phosphorus 346 mg (49%) Potassium   441 mg (9%) Sodium 2 mg (0%) Zinc   3.09 mg (33%) Other constituents Water 4.07 Alcohol (ethanol) 0 Caffeine 0 Units μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams IU = International units Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient Database Non-food applications. Medicinal. Black walnut has been promoted as a potential cancer cure, on the basis it kills a "parasite" responsible for the disease. However, according to the American Cancer Society, "available scientific evidence does not support claims that hulls from black walnuts remove parasites from the intestinal tract or that they are effective in treating cancer or any other disease". Walnuts have been listed as one of the 38 substances used to prepare Bach flower remedies, a kind of alternative medicine promoted for its effect on health. However according to Cancer Research UK, "there is no scientific evidence to prove that flower remedies can control, cure or prevent any type of disease, including cancer". Medical benefits and claims. Raw walnuts contain (mostly insoluble) antioxidants. They also contain triglycerides of the n-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) which is effective in reducing heart risk.Roasting reduces antioxidant quality. Inks and dyes. The husks of the black walnut Juglans nigra are used to make an ink for writing and drawing. Walnut ink has good archival properties, and was used by several great artists including Leonardo da Vinci and Rembrandt. Walnut husks are used as a brown dye for fabric. Walnut dyes were used in classical Rome and in medieval Europe for dyeing hair. Cleaning. The United States Army used ground walnut shells for the cleaning of aviation parts because it was inexpensive and non-abrasive. However, an investigation of a fatal Boeing CH-47 Chinook helicopter crash (September 11, 1982, in Mannheim, Germany) revealed that walnut grit clogged an oil port, leading to the accident and the discontinuation of walnut shells as a cleaning agent. Cultivars. Ashley, Chandler, Feradam, Ferbel, Ferjean, Fernette, Fernor, Ferouette, Franquette, Germisara, Hansen, Hartley, Howard, Jupanesti, Lara, Marbot, Mayette, Mellanaise, Parisienne, Payne, Rita, Serr, Tulare, Valcor, Vina. Walnut tree (Juglans regia) is cultivated in the following countries : Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Central Asia, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Italia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, D.P.R., Korea, Republic, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova Republic, Montenegro, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay, United States, Uzbekistan. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/
Persian or English Walnut
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